Big Volcano® Ecotourism Resource Centre

About the Ecotourism Resource Centre

Our Philosophy || Citation, Credits, Referencing

Initially gathered over many months of research undertaken in 1995-96, for the Big Volcano® website, the tourism, travel, environment and related sites linked from the Ecotourism Resource Centre (ERC) are updated on an occasional basis.  (See page footer for most recent page update.)

Sites represent various stages of development, both in content and design, so you have the opportunity to learn from and exchange information with your peers. Of course, we expect any contacts made to be within the bounds of normal Netiquette.

Where time and inclination allows, we provide a short description, often extracted directly from the site or page, and whether the link goes to an article or paper of some sort, or if it goes to other link directories.  For example, a site may have a very good resource management list.  If most of their links are previously unvisited by us, we'll include the master site only rather than reinventing it ourselves.

And sometimes a brief critique of the site aesthetics, download speed etc. will also be included.  Big Volcano® works from a home office in a rural location. We currently use a fixed wireless "broadband" connection with widely fluctuating bandwidth performance, so if any page is slow to load for us we'll say so.

Our Philosophy

The tourism, travel and hospitality industries are particularly well placed to make a positive contribution to environmentally sustainable development.  The WWW (World Wide Web) provides an incredible opportunity for us to educate ourselves and our customers (on whom ultimately, all our livelihoods depend) about appropriate behaviour.

We can work toward this by ensuring that web sites attractively presented, fast to load and are easy to find, both online and off.  Material included should be appropriate to the audience, informative and yes, even entertaining!


Did the resources available in the Big Volcano® Ecotourism Resource Centre (ERC) or other content on the Big Volcano® Visitor Guide, help you with your research?   Did you find the information useful, or get directed to other useful information?

If the answer is yes, then please cite the ERC in your bibliography, footnotes or references.  If your work is "on the web" then please also include a live link back to the web page being quoted, or to the Big Volcano Ecotourism Resource Centre home page, and contact us via Twitter or Facebook to let us know where we can find it.

MLA (Modern Language Association) Style

Formats below are based on the University of Western Australia Library | Citing your sources- MLA (Modern Language Association) - examples "World wide web page".

  • Web site:
    • Felluga, Dino. "Guide to Literary and Critical Theory." Purdue University, 28 November 2003,
    • Big Volcano Tourism Marekting & Media.  Big Volcano® Visitor Guide Home page.  Big Volcano Visitor Guide, 06 January 2018,
  • Web page:
    • "Romance Languages and Literatures Resources Page". University of Chicago, Accessed 6 July 2015.
    • "Ecotourism Resource Centre Home page", Big Volcano Tourism Marketing & Media,  Accessed 24 July 2019.

Harvard Reference List Citations for Websites

Citing the Ecotourism Resource Centre or Big Volcano® Tourism page(s), in a school project, student paper or academic work, using the Harvard style (Cite this for me).

When citing a website, use the following structure:  Last name, First initial (Year published). Page title. [online] Website name. Available at: URL [Accessed Day Mo. Year].

When no author is listed, use the following structure:  Website name, (Year published). Page title. [online] Available at: URL [Accessed Day Mo. Year].

  • Messer, L. (2015). 'Fancy Nancy' Optioned by Disney Junior. [online] ABC News. Available at: [Accessed 31 Mar. 2015].
  •, (2015). M&M'S Official Website. [online] Available at: [Accessed 20 Apr. 2015].

Cite This For Me allows you to generate Harvard reference citations for websites quickly and easily.  (See also Purdue Owl below.) 

    Examples citing Big Volcano® web site pages:
  • Palmer, J. (1997). Ecotourism Associations and Organisations, [online] Big Volcano® Ecotourism Resource Centre, Available at:  [Accessed 19 July, 2019 .]
  • Palmer J. & Palmer D.  1997.  Introduction to Gondwana Rainforests of Australia, [online] Big Volcano® Tourism Marketing & Media.  Available at:  [Accessed 23 May, 2019]

Chicago Style

If you prefer, or have been instructed to use the Chicago Style, the General Model for Citing Web Sources in Chicago Style at Purdue University, is invaluable. A general citation example using this style looks like this: Heck, Jr., Richard G. "About the Philosophical Gourmet Report." Last modified August 5, 2016.

Additional resources

For more information on Citing Sources, see also Referencing styles - Digital Sources, from Deakin University.   "The Deakin guide to referencing provides information on how to cite sources such as blogs, wikis and social media – but that does not mean that these sources are necessarily reliable, accurate or appropriate."  This is an extensive resource with links to Style Manuals and Handbooks, APA and MLA style, Chicago, Harvard and Oxford Styles, Electronic, Copyright and Fair Use, Plagiarism  and more.

Are you using a Citation generator?  Then "Using Citation Generators Responsibly" at Purdue Owl is worth reading.  

The Online Writing Lab (OWL) at Purdue University "...houses writing resources and instructional material, and we provide these as a free service of the Writing Lab at Purdue. Students, members of the community, and users worldwide will find information to assist with many writing projects. Teachers and trainers may use this material for in-class and out-of-class instruction."  Here's the site-map.  Covers everything you need to know, and lots you didn't know you needed, for academic and professional writing, including how to avoid plagarism and intellectual theft issues.

Our full copyright and usege notice including Educational and Fair Use section, can be found at © Copyright - The Usual Legal Stuff

See also; Hospitality and Tourism Trade Publications, Tourism and Hospitality Education and Tourism Research Resources

Grass Trees, Tweed Valley, NSW

See Also:


The Big Volcano Ecotourism Resource Centre (ERC) provides content free of charge, so that visitors, residents, businesses, students and teachers can access our resources.

Our site also includes advertising and affiliate links to products and services that you can buy online (at no extra cost to you).

If you visit a web site via an ad link, or make a purchase via an affiliate link, we get a small cut of the revenue.  (Thank you.)  By doing this, you help us to continue to deliver these resources to you, for free.

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